God of the Week: Ishtar
God of the Week 10/12/09: Ishtar
Ishtar is the ancient Assyrian goddess of war, and sweet sweet lovin’. She was the lover of the dying and rising god Tammuz and was portrayed as causing his death.
She is believed to have been the personification of the planet Venus and variations of her as the Queen of Heaven was worshiped in many of the surrounding cultures.
From Tammuz and Ishtar by Stephen Langdon:
In Babylonian religion the earth goddess appears in three aspects in her relation to the dying god. As in the Semitic, Phrygian, and Hittite cults she was here regarded as the mother and wife of Tammuz, and as in the Egyptian cult she was also regarded as his sister and wife. We have here at the very beginning of historic Sumerian religion as strange mixture of principles which probably arose from a mixture of the Sumerian and Semitic cults.
The entire book can be downloaded at Archive.org: Tammuz and Ishtar: a monograph upon Babylonian religion and theology By Stephen Langdon